Even with the availability
<video> tag in HTML5, most websites still
require the use of Adobe Flash plugin to access some
content. If you run a 64-bit (Intel architecture) version of Debian,
you can still get this plugin through the
package. Unfortunately, Adobe never commited to a decent support for
the 64-bit version of its plugin. The first 64-bit version was
provided as late as the fall of 2008. The support was
discontinued. Then, we recently got a new preview release but it is
still lagging behind the 32-bit version.
The 64-bit plugin has two major drawbacks:
- it is not up-to-date and plagued by several security holes which are not planned to be corrected for the 64-bit version;
- it exhibits some bugs of its own, like some
sound artifacts which come from the use of
memcpy()in place of
memmove()and only happens with recent GNU libc (where
memcpy()has been optimized and is no longer equivalent to
memmove()). Adobe has no plan to fix this. There are several ways documented in the bug report to circumvent this bug.
Even if you fix the second point, you have no way to fix the first one. What are the alternatives?
UPDATED (2011.07): Adobe released, on July 13, version 11 of its Flash Player. Whether or not this version will be maintained is a complete mystery. However, it supports Linux 64-bit.
Lightspark is a modern, free, open-source Flash player implementation featuring JIT compilation (with the help of LLVM) and hardware acceleration using OpenGL. It only supports Actionscript 3 (introduced in Flash 9) but it now fallbacks to Gnash if an older version is required.
The main problem of Lightspark is that it is optimized for modern hardware and uses OpenGL textures to display video frames. This allows you to achieve video compositing with the help of the graphic card. Unfortunately, if you use a video card with poor OpenGL performance, like a NVidia card with Nouveau driver, Lightspark is slow as hell. It works well with an Intel card.
Currently, Lightspark is only available in experimental for
Gnash is a more mature project but does not support Actionscript 3. Youtube works well with Gnash, as well as most other applications unless they use too recent features. If your use of Flash is limited, it is a nice alternative. Unfortunately, more and more content are delivered with an application requiring Actionscript 3 support.
On Debian, you can get started by installing
32-bit Flash plugin on Debian
Ubuntu provides Flash as a 32-bit plugin with the help of
nspluginwrapper which is a special plugin that will enable the use
of a 32-bit plugin inside a 64-bit browser. This seems a sensible
choice since Adobe only really supports the 32-bit version. You can
nspluginwrapper with Debian. You need to
download 32-bit version of Flash, uncompress it and put
# aptitude purge flashplugin-nonfree # aptitude install nspluginwrapper lib32asound2-plugins $ cd ~/.mozilla/plugins $ nspluginwrapper -i $PWD/libflashplayer.so
Beware that you need to watch for updates yourself. Mozilla provides a website checking if plugins are up-to-date. It works with other browsers than Firefox.
This is a pity to still need this kind of hack in 2011 but it seems that this is currently the best solution.
UPDATED (2011.06): In a comment, Paul Rufous tells
flashplayer-mozilla package which is the 32-bit plugin
Thanks to the
<video> tag available in HTML5, most videos should be
available without the need of a special plugin. Unfortunately, HTML5
does not define a list of video codecs and container formats that
should be supported by any browser. Therefore, some browsers support
Ogg Theora, some others H264 and some of them also support WebM, the
new royalty-free format from Google. You can find a
good summary of the problem from Mark Pilgrim.
With Chromium as found in Debian, you have Ogg Theora, WebM and H264. Youtube has an opt-in program to enable HTML5 video but most other video content are just unavailable without Flash. Web without Flash is not a reality yet.
Grab video with helper tools
UPDATED (2011.06): Josh Triplett pointed in a comment the existence of several command line tools that could be used to download Flash video from popular websites. These tools include:
These tools can be useful even if you have installed a Flash plugin since they allow the use of the video player of your choice (better performance, working fullscreen mode).
UPDATED (2011.06): Another solution provided in a comment: Video DownloadHelper extension allows one to extract videos from the current web page.